Understanding AWS Security Hub - Your Centralized Cloud Security Posture Management Solution

January 18, 2024

In the dynamic landscape of cloud computing, securing your assets is a top priority. Amazon Web Services (AWS) offers a comprehensive tool for this – the AWS Security Hub. It's designed to be a centralized solution for managing and improving your cloud security posture. Let's dive into what AWS Security Hub offers and how it works alongside AWS Config to keep your resources secure.

2024 01 18

AWS Security Hub: A Single Pane of Glass for Your Cloud Security

The AWS Security Hub stands out as a Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) tool. It provides a unified view of your security state within AWS and helps in identifying and managing security risks. Here are its key offerings:

Finding Aggregation from Multiple Security Tools

The Security Hub aggregates findings from various AWS services and AWS Partner Network (APN) security solutions. This integration allows for a comprehensive view of your security alerts and findings, ensuring that no threat goes unnoticed.

Benchmarking Against Industry Standards

One of the critical features of AWS Security Hub is its ability to benchmark your configurations and activities against renowned industry standards such as CIS (Center for Internet Security), PCI (Payment Card Industry), and NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). This benchmarking helps in maintaining compliance and adhering to best practices in cloud security.

Prerequisite: AWS Config

To leverage AWS Security Hub, AWS Config needs to be enabled. AWS Config plays a pivotal role in continually assessing the configurations of your AWS resources. It provides two key functionalities:

Continuous Assessment and Audit

AWS Config continuously monitors and records your AWS resource configurations, enabling you to audit changes and evaluate your overall compliance against the configurations defined in your internal guidelines.

Automatic Remediation of Non-Compliance

In instances of non-compliance, AWS Config can trigger remediation actions, thereby minimizing the window of exposure caused by misconfigured resources. However, it's essential to note that while AWS Config is a powerful tool, it can be costly, depending on the scale and complexity of your AWS environment.

Core Concepts of AWS Security Hub

To fully grasp the capabilities of AWS Security Hub, understanding its core concepts is crucial:


Controls are safeguards or countermeasures that ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of your systems. They are essential in mitigating risks and preventing security breaches.


Rules are criteria set to assess whether a control is being adhered to. They can be managed (provided by AWS) or custom (created by users), offering flexibility in defining your security policies.


A finding is an instance where a rule identifies a potential security issue or failure against a resource. It's the trigger that alerts you to potential vulnerabilities.


Standards are collections of rules that map to an industry-standard guideline (CIS, PCI, NIST). Adhering to these standards ensures compliance with widely recognized security practices.


Severity is a scale that measures the 'badness' of a rule. It ranges from critical, high, medium, low, to informational, helping prioritize the response needed.

Workflow Status

This indicates the status of investigation of a finding. The statuses (new, suppressed, resolved) help in tracking the progress of addressing security issues.


In summary, AWS Security Hub, in conjunction with AWS Config, provides a robust framework for managing cloud security. It offers a comprehensive view of your security posture, facilitates compliance with industry standards, and provides tools for automatic remediation of issues. While AWS Config comes with a cost implication, the investment in security and compliance can be invaluable for organizations leveraging cloud technologies. Embracing these tools can lead to a more secure, efficient, and compliant cloud environment.

Profile picture

Victor Leung, who blog about business, technology and personal development. Happy to connect on LinkedIn